Introduced as early as 1853, Indian Railways has grown into
one of the largest Railway network in the world. The network spread
and expanded rapidly and has become the principal mode of transport
in the country. The Railways have also been modernized in terms
of technology, ticketing, computerization and over all management.
This effort has been in tune with the requirement of moving large
volumes of passengers and freight traffic.
Indian Railway network is spread over 81,511 Km covering 6,896
stations. Operating on three gauges - broad gauge (1676 mm) meter
gauge (1000 mm) and narrow gauge (762 and 610 mm), trains in India
carry more than 12 million passengers and more than a million tons
of freight every day during the year 1998-99. Broad gauge although
forming 64.5 per cent of the route, generated 96 per cent of freight
output and 89.6 per cent of the passenger output during 1998-99.
Almost all the double/multiple track sections and electrified routes
lie on broad gauge. 14,579 route kms constituting over 19.5 per
cent of the total network and 30 per cent of broad gauge network
on Indian Railway is electrified. This carries approx. 41 per cent
of the passenger traffic and 52 per cent of the freight traffic
on Indian Railways.
Indian Railways has nearly 1,21,699 bridges of which 10799 are
major bridges. In 1998-99, 384 bridges were rebuilt or rehabilitated
and 270 strengthened or re-girdered. The transport effort is sustained
through the use of 7429 locomotives, 2,53,186 wagons and 40,775
coaching vehicles. 1,56,846 telephone exchange lines, 18,445 long
haul MT Kms., 1,730 optical fiber communication route Kms and over
8,54,613 trunk tele channels Kms distinguishes Indian Railway telecom
Indian Railway system has developed a capacity to carry 441.58
million tons of originating revenue earning traffic which in terms
of transport output is 284.27 billion NTKms (net tonne kilometers).
During 1998-99 the revenue earning freight traffic moved by Railways
was 420.9 million tons growing at the rate of 7%. The total passenger
traffic in the year 1998-99 was 4411 million tons.
OF RAILWAYS- 1998-99
||TOTAL TRACK (km)
DISTRIBUTION OF ROUTE KILOMETERS
|NORTH EAST FRONTIER
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