IndiaCore logo IndiaCore
India Core AD


heading-event-review

Featured Reports & Publications
 Upcoming Titles


Overview of New & Renewable Energy Sectors in India


Energy Efficiency Scenario in India

India Core Reports
 




IndiaCore Site




 

 

 
 


National Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation in India, April 17- 18 2015 || New Delhi


national-consultation-of-climate-change

‘Gendered’ Vulnerability to Climate-Induced Stresses Leading to Reducing Nutritional Values and High Mortality Rates among Rural & Migrant Women, Say Experts

Sub-regional level analysis of climate trends and deeply embedded vulnerabilities critical for effective, widespread and sustained adaptation, concludes Regional Diagnostic Phase (RDS) of five-year long ASSAR study

 

National Consultation on Climate Change Adaptation in India
Day & Date: Friday & Saturday, 17-18 April 2015
Venue: India International Centre, Max Muller Marg, New Delhi

Indian Institute for Human Settlements (IIHS), which leads the South Asia component of a five-year research project on climate change, ASSAR (Adaptation at Scale in Semi-Arid Regions), organized the second consultation as part of the wider IDRC/ DFID funded international research programme, CARIAA (Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia). This marks the end of the first year of diagnostic research in selected sub-regions in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Findings span climate and biophysical process, socio-economic trends, risk and vulnerabilities to populations, and local adaptation options and strategies being implemented.

Keynote speakers at the occasion included former UN Secretary-General of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, Sh. Nitin Desai, currently member of Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change, and Sh. Rathin Roy, Director of the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), India’s largest think-tank  on public economics and policies.

Being conducted by IIHS and its partners Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE) and Watershed Organization Trust (WOTR), the five-year long ASSAR research takes a holistic view of risks and vulnerabilities to climate change and adaptation strategies. ASSAR is part of a wider IDRC/ DFID funded international research programme, CARIAA (Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia).

Besides providing a structured understanding on multi-dimensional aspects of intrinsic and compounded risks and vulnerabilities, the ASSAR-RDS Report identifies key research gaps and critical social and innate barriers to effective widespread and sustained adaptation. Says Aromar Revi, Director of IIHS, “Rapid & unplanned urbanisation in Indian cities undermines the role of planned interventions, and creates new and broader risks. The increasing influence of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), warming and land-use change is already causing an increase in the frequency of intense precipitation events in some areas despite the weakening of the Indian Monsoon in recent decades. While mainstreaming climate risk management into existing development programmes is critical, it may not be sufficient to reduce vulnerability. Governance responses to critical vulnerabilities are currently fragmented, leading to challenges of scalability and coordination across different agencies. Local adaptive capacity is often mediated by contested imperatives and is not uniform across regions, sectors or scales. Especially the rural population is resource-constrained to adapt to the current and projected future climate variability. Climate-resilient development should integrate adaptation and mitigation responses to generate multiple co-benefits.”

Spanning across research sites located in Bangalore sub-region of Karnataka, Moyar-Bhavani sub-region of Tamil Nadu and Sangamner sub-region of Maharashtra, the ASSAR-RDS research concluded that it is imperative to assess why different people are differentially vulnerable to these risks across dissimilar semi-arid regions (SARs). For example, as a result of globalization, Bangalore is becoming less dependent on its local economy with negative impacts on its natural and built environment. The current development trajectory will intensify risks such as the urban heat island effect, water scarcity and droughts, and climatic hazards such as flooding. Such major vulnerabilities will be asymmetrically experienced by slum dwellers and migrants living in informal settlements, whose inherent vulnerabilities like fragile livelihood base will get compounded, as they are often not covered by institutional support to manage risks under the existing purview of formal planning mechanisms.

In contrast, the challenges are very different for the tribal and scheduled caste communities living in the semi-arid plains of the Moyar-Bhavani region in Tamil Nadu, who largely rely on the forest ecosystem. Rapid land use changes, droughts, increasing temperature profile, declining crop yields and livestock mortality risks are projected to intensify existing stressors within the agricultural system. High variability and uncertainty in temperature and precipitation were recorded in the Sangamner sub-region of Maharashtra as compared to Bangalore and Moyar-Bhavani sub-regions, again reinforcing the finding that climate adaptation interventions cannot be generalized at a regional level.

The study found that women constitute one of the most vulnerable groups in the sub-regions. Unequal pay, poor access to resources, control, and ownership of land and other productive assets along with embedded socio-cultural inequalities increase their vulnerability to climate-induced stresses. Differential incidence of health impacts is an important aspect of ‘gendered’ vulnerability. Migrant woman labourers have little access to quality health care leading to high mortality rates. In rural areas, crop failure usually affects women the hardest; increasing their workloads and reducing nutritional values, which has severe detrimental effects upon their health and wellbeing.

Stressing on the need for a thorough sub-regional level scale analysis, the ASSAR-RDS Report found that even though India and the sub-regions face a dynamic climatic and non-climatic risk profile, the available climate information currently is too coarse to be relevant to local decision-making processes. For example, despite the availability of projections indicating an increase of more than 2˚C over central and northern parts of India for the period 2066-2095, the research cohort was currently unable to assess its validity over the ASSAR sub-regions, due to a potential disagreement with the projected changes in the precipitation by the end of the 21st century, which were not observed to be statistically significant as compared to the predicted temperature increase in that period.

The study warned that such data insufficiencies coupled with asynchronous temporal issues and spatial issues can lead to faulty or myopic analysis thereby rendering apparent adaptation strategies to be potentially counter-productive in the long-run. Subsidising diesel locks agricultural systems into an unsustainable, energy-intensive pathway is one such example. Similarly, in Bangalore, unplanned urbanisation, inadequate service provisioning and governance gaps are already leading to extensive resource exploitation, entrenching inequalities and erosion of ecosystem services. In urban areas, seasonal or permanent migration helps cope with temporary, seasonal risks, but can erode present and future capacities and exacerbate existing vulnerabilities.

Aromar Revi of IIHS added, “The initial RDS phase has confirmed that India lacks a nuanced understanding on the key vulnerabilities in rural as well as urban areas, and that there is insufficient research on differential vulnerability especially from a gendered perspective, and a lack of understanding around factors that constrain effective implementation of adaptation plans. Our upcoming Regional Research Program (RRP) phase of this multi-year study will respond to the above challenges.”

The two day workshop was attended by thought-leaders, policy makers, government officials, practitioners and academia representing organizations like Government of India’s Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change; Ministry of Earth Sciences; UNDP; IDRC; DFID; Maharashtra Government; TERI; Council on Energy, Environment And Water; Nepal’s ICIMOD (Hi-Aware); Global Green Growth Institute; IIT Delhi; IISc Bangalore; IIT Gandhinagar; Institute of Economic Growth; GIZ Delhi; Indian Council of Agricultural Research; among others.

For more information, please visit event website www.iihs.co.in/

The statements or opinions or review is by a third party/ or the organiser and are not necessarily agreed or authorised or endorsed by IndiaCore.com.


For Fee Based detailed analysis & value added information on the Indian Core Sectors, please contact us at info@IndiaCore.com

 
Upcoming IndiaCore Organised/ Partnered Events

Renewable Energy for Indonesia 2017, November 28- 29, 2017 || Jakarta.INDONESIA

renewable-energy-for-indonesia-2017


Global Geothermal Energy Summit 2017, November 29 - 30, 2017 || Amsterdam

global-geothermal-energy-2017


Electricx 2017, December 3- 5, 2017 || EGYPT


Solar-Tec 2017, December 3- 5, 2017 || EGYPT


Critical Control Rooms, December 4- 6, 2017 || TBC

critical-control-room-2017


22nd World Cardiology Conference, December 11- 12, 2017 || Rome. ITALY

world-cardiology-conference-2017


EXCON 2017, December 12- 16, 2017 || Bangluru. INDIA

excon-2017


World of Asphalt Show & Conference 2018, March 6- 8, 2018 || HOUSTON. TX

world-of-asphalt-2017


China International Vending Machine & Self-Service Facilities Fair (China VMF 2018), March 4- 6, 2018 || CHINA

china-vmf-2018


Middle East Electricity 2018, March 6- 8, 2018 || UAE


The 18th China International Petroleum & Petrochemical Technology and Equipment Exhibition, March 27- 29, 2018 || China. BEIJING

cippe-2018


Asia Warehousing Show 2018, May 2- 4, 2018 || Bangkok. THAILAND

asia-warehousing-show-2018


11th World Bioenergy Congress and Expo 2018, July 2– 4, 2018 || Frankfurt. Germany

world-bioenergy-congress-and-expo


“25th Euro Congress on Pediatric Heart Disease and Health” 2018, August 13- 14, 2018 || Dublin, Ireland

pediatric-heart-disease-2018


24th World Cardiology Conference, September 17- 18, 2018 || Hong Kong

world-cardiology-conference-2018


“26th Annual Cardiology and Cardiovascular Nursing Congress” (Cardiac Nursing 2018), November 21 - 22, 2018 || Singapore

cardiac-nursing-2018


Asia Cold Chain Show 2018, November 28– 30, 2018 || Bangkok. THAILAND

asia-cold-chain-show-2018


Road Infrastructure- Safety, Operation & Management, TBA || Mumbai. INDIA


Mining & Mineral Exploration Conclave- ‘Need for Modernisation & Capacity Enhancement in the Indian Mining Industry’, TBA || New Delhi. INDIA


The Madhya Pradesh Agri Summit & Mela, (TBA) || Bhopal. Madhya Pradesh


'Thermal Power India’, TBA || New Delhi. INDIA

TPI-2012


Indian Solar Thermal Energy & PV Conference, TBA || New Delhi. INDIA


Energy Efficiency Forum, TBA || New Delhi. INDIA


Smart Energy & Smart Metering India- 'Convergence of IT, Automation, Control & Communication', TBA || New Delhi. INDIA


Pharma CIO Conclave & Awards 2017, August 9, 2017 || Mumbai
Directories
Conference Proceedings
 
 

Join our Mailing List to receive Information Updates on Events, Happenings, Book Release, Developments in the Core Sector

IndiaCore listing

 
       
IndiaCore Banner
 


Copyright © IndiaCore. All Rights Reserved. Terms of Use & Privacy Policy
Site Designed & Maintained by India Core
IndiaCore.com - The Online Resource for Information on the Indian Infrastructure & Core Sectors